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2020/05/28
A novel orexin antagonist from a natural plant was discovered using zebrafish behavioural analysis

2019/10/15
C3orf70 Is Involved in Neural and Neurobehavioral Development

2019/09/22
Generation of a Triple-Transgenic Zebrafish Line for Assessment of Developmental Neurotoxicity during Neuronal Differentiation

2019/07/17
Aging-associated microstructural deterioration of vertebra in zebrafish

2019/03/18
Zebrafish yolk sac microinjection of thalidomide for assessment of developmental toxicology

tA novel orexin antagonist from a natural plant was discovered using zebrafish behavioural analysis

                     
2020/05/28

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020 May;24(9):5127-5139.
doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202005_21207.

M Yamanaka, H Iwata, K Masuda, M Araki, Y Okuno, M Okamura, J Koiwa, T Tanaka

Abstract
Objective: Phenotypic screening is one of the most practical approaches to the identification of mediators of behaviour, since it is difficult to model brain function in vitro, at a cellular level. We used a zebrafish (Danio rerio) behavioural assay to discover novel, natural, neuroactive compounds.

Materials and methods: A zebrafish behavioural assay was performed for seven natural compounds, obtained from plants. The behavioural profiles were compared to those of known psychoactive drugs. We characterised a natural compound exhibiting a behaviour profile similar to that of suvorexant, using in silico, in vitro and microarray expression analysis.

Results: The behavioural analysis performed in this study classified central nervous system drugs according to their mechanism. Zebrafish treated with a natural compound, 8b-(4'-Hydroxytigloyloxy) costunolide (8b), showed behaviour profiles similar to those of zebrafish treated with suvorexant, a known orexin antagonist. This behavioural assay was validated using in silico and in vitro assays, which revealed that the new compound was a dual orexin receptor antagonist. In addition, transcriptome analysis suggested that 8b might regulate the nuclear factor-ƒΘB (NF-ƒΘB) related pathway.

Conclusions: We conclude that zebrafish phenotypic screening, combined with in silico assays and gene expression profiling, is a useful strategy to discover and characterize novel therapeutic compounds, including natural products.

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