Publication List English

2021/07/09
Quality Control Protocol for Zebrafish Developmental Toxicity Studies

2020/10/13
Gap junction protein beta 4 plays an important role in cardiac function in humans, rodents, and zebrafish

2020/05/28
A novel orexin antagonist from a natural plant was discovered using zebrafish behavioural analysis

2019/10/15
C3orf70 Is Involved in Neural and Neurobehavioral Development

2019/09/22
Generation of a Triple-Transgenic Zebrafish Line for Assessment of Developmental Neurotoxicity during Neuronal Differentiation

tNovel immunologic tolerance of human cancer cell xenotransplants in zebrafish.

                     
2015/12/18

Transl Res. 2015 Dec 18. pii: S1931-5244(15)00449-1. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2015.12.007. [Epub ahead of print]

Novel immunologic tolerance of human cancer cell xenotransplants in zebrafish.
Zhang B, Shimada Y, Hirota T, Ariyoshi M, Kuroyanagi J, Nishimura Y, Tanaka T.

Abstract
Immune deficiency or suppression in host animals is an essential precondition for the success of cancer cell xenotransplantation because the host immune system has a tendency to reject implanted cells. However, in such animals, the typical tumor microenvironment seen in cancer subjects does not form because of the lack of normal immunity. Here, we developed a novel zebrafish (Danio rerio) model based on 2 rounds of cancer cell xenotransplantation that achieved cancer-specific immunologic tolerance without immunosuppression. We irradiated human cancer cells (PC-3, K562 and HepG2) to abolish their proliferative abilities and implanted them into zebrafish larvae. These cells survived for 2 weeks in the developing host. Three months after the first implantation, the zebrafish were implanted with the same, but nonirradiated, cell lines. These cancer cells proliferated and exhibited metastasis without immune suppression. To reveal the transcriptional mechanism of this immune tolerance, we conducted dual RNA-seq of the tumor with its surrounding tissues and identified several regulatory zebrafish genes that are involved in immunity; the expression of plasminogen activator, urokinase, and forkhead box P3 was altered in response to immunologic tolerance. In conclusion, this xenograft method has potential as a platform for zebrafish-based anticancer drug discovery because it can closely mimic human clinical cancers without inducing immune suppression.

Šึ˜AƒŠƒ“ƒN

Elsevier Science

PubMed