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Generation of a Transgenic Zebrafish Line for In Vivo Assessment of Hepatic Apoptosis

Patient-Derived Cancer Xenograft Zebrafish Model (PDXZ) for Drug Discovery Screening and Personalized Medicine

Quality Control Protocol for Zebrafish Developmental Toxicity Studies

Gap junction protein beta 4 plays an important role in cardiac function in humans, rodents, and zebrafish

A novel orexin antagonist from a natural plant was discovered using zebrafish behavioural analysis

tDifferent sensitivities of Ca2+, calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases from rabbit aorta and brain to dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.


Matsushima S, Tanaka T, Saitoh M, Watanabe M, Hidaka H.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 Nov 13;148(3):1468-74.


The concentrations of the dihydropyridines, CD-349, nicardipine, and nimodipine, producing 50% inhibition of Ca2+, calmodulin (CaM)-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (CaPDE) from rabbit aorta in the absence of Ca2+-CaM complex were approximately 7 to 13-fold higher than these of aorta CaPDE in the presence of Ca2+-CaM complex and of the trypsin treated enzyme form. On the other hand, these dihydropyridine derivatives inhibited CaPDE from rabbit brain at much the same IC50 values seen in the absence and presence of the Ca2+-CaM complex and the trypsin-treated enzyme. Kinetic analysis revealed that these dihydropyridines inhibited the activities of CaPDEs from both the aorta and brain, competitively with cyclic GMP as substrate, and the Ki values of CD-349 for CaPDE from aorta or brain in the absence or presence of Ca2+-CaM complex and trypsin-treated enzyme were 9.6, 0.75, 0.75 or 0.69, 0.70, 0.66 microM, respectively. These results suggest that CaPDE from the rabbit aorta differs from this enzyme in the brain, with regard to the relationship between the dihydropyridine binding sites on CaPDE molecules and the domains regulated by the Ca2+-CaM complex or limited proteolysis.