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EGF receptor kinase suppresses ciliogenesis through activation of USP8 deubiquitinase

Chemokines protect vascular smooth muscle cells from cell death induced by cyclic mechanical stretch.

New photic stimulating system with white light-emitting diodes to elicit electroretinograms from zebrafish larvae.

Potential protective function of the sterol regulatory element binding factor 1-fatty acid desaturase 12 axis in early-stage age-related macular degeneration

Activation of Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Factors by Fenofibrate and Gemfibrozil Stimulates Myelination in Zebrafish

tTranscriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 gene expression in human endothelial cells by phorbol ester and cAMP signalling.


A.Kondo,S.Isaji,Y.Nishimura and Toshio Tanaka
Immunology 99 561-568 2000


Monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 (MCP-3) is one of the most broadly active chemokines, potentially inducing chemotaxis of all leucocytic cells. In the present study, we examined the regulation of MCP-3 mRNA and protein production in endothelial cells by protein kinase C (PKC) activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and cAMP signalling. On stimulation of endothelial cells with 10 nM PMA, MCP-3 mRNA increased to 300-fold the basal level at 3 hr and rapidly declined to 0.2-fold the basal level at 24 hr. PMA-induced MCP-3 mRNA and protein production of human endothelial cells were partially inhibited by pretreatment with the adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, or membrane-permeable cAMP derivative. The PMA-induced MCP-3 mRNA increase was almost abrogated when cells were pretreated with cycloheximide (CHX). Forskolin inhibited the transcription of PMA-induced MCP-3 gene expression. Following PMA stimulation for 3 hr, subsequent addition of actinomycin D suppressed the rapid decay of PMA-induced MCP-3 mRNA. These results suggest that PMA induces the transcriptional activation of the MCP-3 gene through de novo protein synthesis and the rapid decay of PMA-induced MCP-3 mRNA through de novo synthesis of adenosine/uridine (AU)-rich element binding proteins and cAMP signalling inhibits the PMA-induced transcriptional activation of the MCP-3 gene expression.