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2019/03/18
Zebrafish yolk sac microinjection of thalidomide for assessment of developmental toxicology

2019/02/18
Toxicological Evaluation of SiO2 Nanoparticles by Zebrafish Embryo Toxicity Test

2018/12/27
Increased susceptibility to oxidative stress-induced toxicological evaluation by genetically modified nrf2a-deficient zebrafish.

2018/01/18
EGF receptor kinase suppresses ciliogenesis through activation of USP8 deubiquitinase

2017/11/23
Chemokines protect vascular smooth muscle cells from cell death induced by cyclic mechanical stretch.

tIncreased susceptibility to oxidative stress-induced toxicological evaluation by genetically modified nrf2a-deficient zebrafish.

                     
2018/12/27

J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2018 Dec 27;96:34-45. doi: 10.1016/j.vascn.2018.12.006. [Epub ahead of print]
Increased susceptibility to oxidative stress-induced toxicological evaluation by genetically modified nrf2a-deficient zebrafish.
Yamashita A1, Deguchi J2, Honda Y2, Yamada T2, Miyawaki I2, Nishimura Y3, Tanaka T4.
Author information
Abstract
INTRODUCTION:
Oxidative stress plays an important role in drug-induced toxicity. Oxidative stress-mediated toxicities can be detected using conventional animal models but their sensitivity is insufficient, and novel models to improve susceptibility to oxidative stress have been researched. In recent years, gene targeting methods in zebrafish have been developed, making it possible to generate homozygous null mutants. In this study, we established zebrafish deficient in the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2a (nrf2a), a key antioxidant-responsive gene, and its potential to detect oxidative stress-mediated toxicity was examined.

METHODS:
Nrf2a-deficient zebrafish were generated using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 technique. The loss of nrf2a function was confirmed by the tolerability to hydrogen peroxide and hydrogen peroxide-induced gene expression profiles being related to antioxidant response element (ARE)-dependent signaling. Subsequently, vulnerability of nrf2a-deficient zebrafish to acetaminophen (APAP)- or doxorubicin (DOX)-induced toxicity was investigated.

RESULTS:
Nrf2a-deficient zebrafish showed higher mortality than wild type accompanied by less induction of ARE-dependent genes with hydrogen peroxide treatment. Subsequently, this model showed increased severity and incidence of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity or DOX-induced cardiotoxicity than wild type.

DISCUSSION:
Our results demonstrated that anti-oxidative response might not fully function in this model, and resulted in higher sensitivity to drug-induced oxidative stress. Our data support the usefulness of nrf2a-deficient model as a tool for evaluation of oxidative stress-related toxicity in drug discovery research.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:
Acetaminophen; Doxorubicin; Nrf2a-deficiency; Oxidative stress; Toxicity evaluation; Zebrafish

PMID: 30594530 DOI: 10.1016/j.vascn.2018.12.006

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Mie University Medical Zebrafish Research Center

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J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2018 Dec 27;96:34-45. doi: 10.1016/j.vascn.2018.12.006. [Epub ahead of print]