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2017/07/29
New photic stimulating system with white light-emitting diodes to elicit electroretinograms from zebrafish larvae.

2017/03/09
Potential protective function of the sterol regulatory element binding factor 1-fatty acid desaturase 12 axis in early-stage age-related macular degeneration

2016/07/11
Activation of Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Factors by Fenofibrate and Gemfibrozil Stimulates Myelination in Zebrafish

2016/06/14
Downregulation of GSTK1 Is a Common Mechanism Underlying Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

2016/06/07
Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Identifies CCDC80 as a Novel Gene Associated with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

tSystems pharmacology of adiposity reveals inhibition of EP300 as a common therapeutic mechanism of caloric restriction and resveratrol for obesity

                     
2015/09/02

Front. Pharmacol. 31 Aug 2015. 6:199. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00199
Systems pharmacology of adiposity reveals inhibition of EP300 as a common therapeutic mechanism of caloric restriction and resveratrol for obesity
Nishimura Y, Sasagawa S, Ariyoshi M, Ichikawa S, Shimada Y, Kawaguchi K, Kawase R, Yamamoto R, Uehara T, Yanai T, Takata R and Tanaka T

Both caloric restriction and resveratrol have beneficial effects on obesity. However, the biochemical pathways that mediate these beneficial effects might be complex and interconnected and have not been fully elucidated. To reveal the common therapeutic mechanism of caloric restriction and resveratrol, we performed a comparative transcriptome analysis of adipose tissues from diet-induced obese zebrafish and obese humans. We identified nine genes in diet-induced obese zebrafish and seven genes in obese humans whose expressions were regulated by caloric restriction and resveratrol. Although the gene lists did not overlap except for one gene, the gene ontologies enriched in the gene lists were highly overlapped, and included genes involved in adipocyte differentiation, lipid storage and lipid metabolism. Bioinformatic analysis of cis-regulatory sequences of these genes revealed that their transcriptional regulators also overlapped, including EP300, HDAC2, CEBPB, CEBPD, FOXA1 and FOXA2. We also identified 15 and 46 genes that were dysregulated in the adipose tissue of diet-induced obese zebrafish and obese humans, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis identified EP300, HDAC2, and CEBPB as common transcriptional regulators for these genes. EP300 is a histone and lysyl acetyltransferase that modulates the function of histone and various proteins including CEBPB, CEBPD, FOXA1 and FOXA2. We demonstrated that adiposity in larval zebrafish was significantly reduced by C646, an inhibitor of EP300 that antagonizes acetyl-CoA. The reduction of adiposity by C646 was not significantly different from that induced by resveratrol or co-treatment of C646 and resveratrol. These results indicate that the inhibition of EP300 might be a common therapeutic mechanism between caloric restriction and resveratrol in adipose tissues of obese individuals.

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