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2017/07/29
New photic stimulating system with white light-emitting diodes to elicit electroretinograms from zebrafish larvae.

2017/03/09
Potential protective function of the sterol regulatory element binding factor 1-fatty acid desaturase 12 axis in early-stage age-related macular degeneration

2016/07/11
Activation of Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Factors by Fenofibrate and Gemfibrozil Stimulates Myelination in Zebrafish

2016/06/14
Downregulation of GSTK1 Is a Common Mechanism Underlying Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

2016/06/07
Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Identifies CCDC80 as a Novel Gene Associated with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

tRelationship between contact inhibition and intranuclear S100C of normal human fibroblasts.

                     
2000/01/01

Masakiyo Sakaguchi,Masahiro Miyazaki,Yusuke Inoue,Toshiya Tuji,Hirosuke Kouchi, Toshio Tanaka, Hidenori Yamada,and Masayoshi Namba
J.Cell. Biol. 149 (6) 1193-1206 2000

Abstract

Many lines of evidence indicate that neoplastic transformation of cells occurs by a multistep process. For neoplastic transformation of normal human cells, they must be first immortalized and then be converted into neoplastic cells. It is well known that the immortalization is a critical step for the neoplastic transformation of cells and that the immortal phenotype is recessive. Thus, we investigated proteins downregulated in immortalized cells by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. As a result, S100C, a Ca(2+)-binding protein, was dramatically downregulated in immortalized human fibroblasts compared with their normal counterparts. When the cells reached confluence, S100C was phosphorylated on threonine 10. Then the phosphorylated S100C moved to and accumulated in the nuclei of normal cells, whereas in immortalized cells it was not phosphorylated and remained in the cytoplasm. Microinjection of the anti-S100C antibody into normal confluent quiescent cells induced DNA synthesis. Furthermore, when exogenous S100C was compelled to localize in the nuclei of HeLa cells, their DNA synthesis was remarkably inhibited with increase in cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors such as p16(Ink4a) and p21(Waf1). These data indicate the possible involvement of nuclear S100C in the contact inhibition of cell growth.

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